Greenland, Amazon, Kashmir and Hong Kong -- a case study on "sovereignty"

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These four regions have garnered significant world attention lately. These regions are either semi-autonomous, or are situated in an area that ostensibly threatens the dominant state's sense of "sovereignty" over the servient state. We'll explore various modern political concepts, such as the "democratic theory," a notion of a "true sovereign," "extraterritoriality," and of course, the rise of "Nationalism."

With that in mind, we'll analyze each of the four regions:

▨ Greenland -- It was recently revealed that the Trump Administration seriously considered in purchasing Greenland. But who are the appropriate parties in this proposed international real estate transaction? Are the Greenlanders the rightful owners of this island-continent, or should any discussions of a potential sale be subject to the approval of the Kingdom of Denmark?

▨ Hong Kong -- Large-scale protests against the extradition bill have engulfed Hong Kong since June. Is the concept of "one nation, two systems" beginning to show signs of collapse? What is the proper balance between the servient state's stated goal of autonomy, and the dominant state's encroachment under the guise of "security and stability"?

▨ The Amazon Inferno -- The E.U. is proposing to intervene in the Amazon fires, but the Brazilian government refuses any outside intervention. Is the purported "environmental interventionism" justified in this instance? Should there be any exceptions to a nation's exclusive control and absolute sovereignty within the boundaries of its territory? Is the E.U.'s gesture to Brazil akin to a "colonialism" mindset?

▨ Jammu and Kashmir -- Last month, the government of India unilaterally announced that Article 370 of its Constitution would be scrapped, thereby removing the near-autonomous authority to the state of Jammu and Kashmir that has been in place since 1949. Is this merely an "internal" enforcement matter for India that justifies the month-long military lockdown down? Or should the matter be resolved bilaterally by India and Pakistan, amid the ongoing instability in an already-fraught region from constant border skirmishes?