Law, History & Politics: The French Revolution -- Happy Bastille Day!

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As we commemorate Bastille Day, we'll discuss the French Revolution (circa 1789 to 1799). For this meeting, we will examine the Revolution by analyzing its three distinct components: Law, History and Politics.

To that end, we'll discuss the following:

I. Law

Declaration of the Rights of the Man and of the Citizen (http://avalon.law.yale.edu/18th_century/rightsof.asp)

The French Constitution of 1791
(https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_Constitution_of_1791)

II. History

New political ideas emerging from the Enlightenment.

Inspirations and aspirations derived from the "American Revolution."

Severe economic hardship caused by national debt and the political mismanagement of King Louis.

The financial woes brought on by wars and disruptions in its imperial colonies.

The storming of the Bastille in July 1789.

The overthrow of the Monarch and the public execution of France's last King and Queen.

The three distinct stages of the Revolution: the uprising, the overthrow, and the "Reign of Terror."

III. Politics

The post-feudal political system comprising of the "Three Estates."

The dire socio-economic stratification and the resentment by the peasants to the bourgeoisie class.

The rise and prominence of Maximilien Robespierre and the Jacobins.

The establishment of the Committee for Public Safety.

Robespierre's cult of personality and hypocrisy, ultimately leading up to public execution under the "national blade."

The unintended consequences: the radicalism and the onslaught of the "Reign of Terror."

The new legislative assembly and the failure of a constitutional monarchy.

The rise and the ultimate crowning of Napoléon Bonaparte as an Emperor.

How the French Revolution influenced the future political uprising (e.g., the Haitian Revolution, Russian Revolution and Simon Bolivar).

*** The French Revolution discussion is a preview of Season Three of Law History & Politics, as we'll discuss the aftermath of the Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars, and read the Napoleonic Civil Code.

*** The French Revolution discussion is a preview of Season Three of Law History & Politics, as we'll discuss the aftermath of the Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars, and read the Napoleonic Civil Code.

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Here's a soundtrack for this meeting:

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More about LHP:

The LHP series explore the intersections of its namesake -- an in-depth study of a particular law, court decision, or a legal precedent that shaped the political forces and its historical ramifications.

Last year, the LHP series covered subject matters that directly related to the U.S. We read and discussed landmark U.S. Supreme Court decisions, particular Constitutional Amendments, or an influential legislative body of work.

For Season Two, the advanced LHP series will explore international and comparative law from a historic perspective. These may include: Magna Carta, the Code of Justinian, the Code of Hammurabi -- to more recent selections, such as the Treaty of Versailles, the U.N. Declaration on Human Rights and the Geneva Convention.

For Season Three, we'll discuss the aftermath of the French Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars and the various treaties, and read and discuss the Napoleonic Civil Code.

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LHP series (Season Two):

• The Russian Revolution (c. 1917) (June 2018):
https://www.meetup.com/NYC-Politics/events/251231269/

• The "Beer Hall Putsch" -- Munich, Bavaria (c. 1923) (May 2018): https://www.meetup.com/NYC-Politics/events/249570392/

• The Treaty of Versailles (March 2018): https://www.meetup.com/NYC-Politics/events/247933278/

• Magna Carta (Jan. 2018): https://www.meetup.com/NYC-Politics/events/246064951/

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LHP series (Season One):

• Loving v. Virginia and Obergefell v. Hodges (December 2017): https://www.meetup.com/NYC-Politics/events/244020216/

• Brown v. Board of Ed. (Sept. 2017): https://www.meetup.com/NYC-Politics/events/242699442/

• The Chinese Exclusion Act and Korematsu v. U.S. (July 2017): https://www.meetup.com/NYC-Politics/events/239229088/ ( https://www.meetup.com/NYC-Politics/events/239229088/ )

• Plessy v. Ferguson, (April 2017) -- a reading and critical discussion of the "Separate But Equal" doctrine: https://www.meetup.com/NYC-Politics/events/237488367/

• Federalist Papers Nos. 2 and 68, and the Dred Scott Decision (Feb. 2017): https://www.meetup.com/NYC-Politics/events/236391106/?eventId=236391106s